A Study on Gender Roles in the Information Technology Profession and its Impact on Human Resources


  • Kraugusteeliana Kraugusteeliana Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta




Gender, Information technology, Human resources


Information Technology (IT) is one of the fields that has an important role in the economic and social development of the world today. One important issue that continues to be of concern is the gender gap in the IT industry. This research aims to examine the role of gender in the IT profession and its influence on human resources. This research uses a qualitative methodology in the form of a literature review, which implies that the research will examine and explain data by utilising information and textual content from various sources. The study results show that gender roles in the Information Technology profession is an issue that is gaining increasing attention in the IT industry. Despite the increasing participation of women in IT careers, gender imbalance remains a significant problem. Factors such as gender stereotypes, inequality in opportunities, and differences in education contribute to this imbalance. As a result, unequal gender roles in the IT industry create inequalities in compensation and career opportunities, and also result in underrepresentation of women in leadership positions.


Arjang, A., Sutrisno, S., Permana, R. M., Kusumastuti, R., & Ausat, A. M. A. (2023). Strategies for Improving the Competitiveness of MSMEs through the Utilisation of Information and Communication Technology. Al-Buhuts, 19(1), 462–478.

Ausat, A. M. A. (2023a). The Application of Technology in the Age of Covid-19 and Its Effects on Performance. Apollo: Journal of Tourism and Business, 1(1), 14–22. https://doi.org/10.58905/apollo.v1i1.8

Ausat, A. M. A. (2023b). The Role of Social Media in Shaping Public Opinion and Its Influence on Economic Decisions. Technology and Society Perspectives (TACIT), 1(1), 35–44. https://journal.literasisainsnusantara.com/index.php/tacit/article/view/37

Batson, A., Gupta, G. R., & Barry, M. (2021). More Women Must Lead in Global Health: A Focus on Strategies to Empower Women Leaders and Advance Gender Equality. Annals of Global Health, 87(1), 67. https://doi.org/10.5334/aogh.3213

Bradshaw, C., Atkinson, S., & Doody, O. (2017). Employing a Qualitative Description Approach in Health Care Research. Global Qualitative Nursing Research, 4, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1177/2333393617742282

Cho, J., & Lee, J. (2015). Persistence of the Gender Gap and Low Employment of Female Workers in a Stratified Labor Market: Evidence from South Korea. Sustainability, 7(9), 12425–12451. https://doi.org/10.3390/su70912425

Cooper, K., Russell, A., Mandy, W., & Butler, C. (2020). The phenomenology of gender dysphoria in adults: A systematic review and meta-synthesis. Clinical Psychology Review, 80, 101875. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2020.101875

Diawati, P., Gadzali, S. S., Mahardhani, A. J., Irawan, B., & Ausat, A. M. A. (2023). Analysing the Dynamics of Human Innovation in Administration. Jurnal Ekonomi, 12(02), 537–540. https://ejournal.seaninstitute.or.id/index.php/Ekonomi/article/view/1652

Elo, S., Kääriäinen, M., Kanste, O., Pölkki, T., Utriainen, K., & Kyngäs, H. (2014). Qualitative Content Analysis. SAGE Open, 4(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244014522633

Gadzali, S. S., Ausat, A. M. A., Mahardhani, A. J., Sulton, S., & Sunarto, S. (2023). Analysis of Human Capital Development Aspects. Proceedings of the International Conference on Economic, Management, Business and Accounting, ICEMBA 2022, 17 December 2022, Tanjungpinang, Riau Islands, Indonesia, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.17-12-2022.2333189

Galsanjigmed, E., & Sekiguchi, T. (2023). Challenges Women Experience in Leadership Careers: An Integrative Review. Merits, 3(2), 366–389. https://doi.org/10.3390/merits3020021

Harahap, M. A. K., Ausat, A. M. A., Rachman, A., Riady, Y., & Azzaakiyyah, H. K. (2023). Overview of ChatGPT Technology and its Potential in Improving Tourism Information Services. Jurnal Mininfo Polgan, 12(2), 424–431. https://doi.org/10.33395/jmp.v12i2.12416

Harahap, M. A. K., Kraugusteeliana, K., Pramono, S. A., Jian, O. Z., & Ausat, A. M. A. (2023). The Role of Information Technology in Improving Urban Governance. Jurnal Minfo Polgan, 12(2), 371–379. https://doi.org/10.33395/jmp.v12i2.12405

Kamar, K., Lewaherilla, N. C., Ausat, A. M. A., Ukar, K., & Gadzali, S. S. (2022). The Influence of Information Technology and Human Resource Management Capabilities on SMEs Performance. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research, 6(1.2), 1. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.29099/ijair.v6i1.2.676

Karaçam Yilmaz, Z. D., Yilmaz, T., & Tokman, E. (2023). Views of healthcare professionals on gender roles: A qualitative study. Heliyon, 9(8), e18576. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e18576

Kraugusteeliana, Surjati, E., Ausat, A. M. A., Pramono, S. A., & Prabu, H. K. (2022). A Literature Review on the Application of Technology During Covid-19 and Its Relationship to Performance. International Journal Of Artificial Intelligence Research, 6(1.2), 1. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.29099/ijair.v6i1.2.765

Lemon, K. N., & Verhoef, P. C. (2016). Understanding Customer Experience Throughout the Customer Journey. Journal of Marketing, 80(6), 69–96. https://doi.org/10.1509/jm.15.0420

Llorens, A., Tzovara, A., Bellier, L., Bhaya-Grossman, I., Bidet-Caulet, A., Chang, W. K., Cross, Z. R., Dominguez-Faus, R., Flinker, A., Fonken, Y., Gorenstein, M. A., Holdgraf, C., Hoy, C. W., Ivanova, M. V., Jimenez, R. T., Jun, S., Kam, J. W. Y., Kidd, C., Marcelle, E., … Dronkers, N. F. (2021). Gender bias in academia: A lifetime problem that needs solutions. Neuron, 109(13), 2047–2074. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2021.06.002

Maley, J. F., Moeller, M., & Ting, A. F. (2020). Sustainable expatriate compensation in an uncertain environment. Journal of International Management, 26(3), 100776. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intman.2020.100776

Patrick, H. A., & Kumar, V. R. (2012). Managing Workplace Diversity. SAGE Open, 2(2), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244012444615

Prastyaningtyas, E. W., Ausat, A. M. A., Muhamad, L. F., Wanof, M. I., & Suherlan, S. (2023). The Role of Information Technology in Improving Human Resources Career Development. Jurnal Teknologi Dan Sistem Informasi Bisnis, 5(3), 266–275. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.47233/jteksis.v5i3.870

Rahman, M. S. (2016). The Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches and Methods in Language “Testing and Assessment” Research: A Literature Review. Journal of Education and Learning, 6(1), 102–112. https://doi.org/10.5539/jel.v6n1p102

Siscawati, M., Adelina, S., Eveline, R., & Anggriani, S. (2019). Gender Equality and Women Empowerment in The National Development of Indonesia. Journal of Strategic and Global Studies, 2(2), 40–63. https://doi.org/10.7454/jsgs.v2i2.1021

Stamarski, C. S., & Son Hing, L. S. (2015). Gender inequalities in the workplace: the effects of organizational structures, processes, practices, and decision makers’ sexism. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1–20. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01400

Stewart, R., Wright, B., Smith, L., Roberts, S., & Russell, N. (2021). Gendered stereotypes and norms: A systematic review of interventions designed to shift attitudes and behaviour. Heliyon, 7(4), e06660. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e06660

Sutrisno, Ausat, A. M. A., Permana, B., & Harahap, M. A. K. (2023). Do Information Technology and Human Resources Create Business Performance: A Review. International Journal of Professional Business Review, 8(8), e02206. https://doi.org/10.26668/businessreview/2023.v8i8.2206

Sutrisno, S., Kuraesin, A. D., Siminto, S., Irawansyah, I., & Ausat, A. M. A. (2023). The Role of Information Technology in Driving Innovation and Entrepreneurial Business Growth. Jurnal Minfo Polgan, 12(2), 586–597. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.33395/jmp.v12i2.12463

Tabassum, N., & Nayak, B. S. (2021). Gender Stereotypes and Their Impact on Women’s Career Progressions from a Managerial Perspective. IIM Kozhikode Society & Management Review, 10(2), 192–208. https://doi.org/10.1177/2277975220975513

Touriano, D., Sutrisno, S., Kuraesin, A. D., Santosa, S., & Ausat, A. M. A. (2023). The Role of Information Technology in Improving the Efficiency and Effectiveness of Talent Management Processes. Jurnal Minfo Polgan, 12(2), 539–548. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.33395/jmp.v12i2.12454

Wahyoedi, S., Suherlan, S., Rijal, S., Azzaakiyyah, H. K., & Ausat, A. M. A. (2023). Implementation of Information Technology in Human Resource Management. Al-Buhuts, 19(1), 300–318. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.30603/ab.v19i1.3407

Zastempowski, M., & Cyfert, S. (2021). Impact of entrepreneur’s gender on innovation activities. The perspective of small businesses. PLOS ONE, 16(10), e0258661. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0258661




How to Cite

Kraugusteeliana, K. (2023). A Study on Gender Roles in the Information Technology Profession and its Impact on Human Resources. Technology and Society Perspectives (TACIT), 1(3), 104–111. https://doi.org/10.61100/tacit.v1i3.58